Avocado Tree Video: Cold Hardy Varieties!
After my last post Planting a dwarf Avocado in a container I thought I should carry on and explain how to plant your Tree in the ground if that's the direction you would like to take in the future.
You may decide to do this after you have moved house and now have a suitable location.
Or your goal in the long term was to transplant the tree after a short period of time.
Also, you may have just purchased the Avocado tree from a local nursery and want to put it straight into the ground.
Below are the benefits for planting an Avocado tree in the earth.
- The tree can establish a large root system and this helps it to retain water and nutrients from the ground that is available
- A tree in the ground can withstand longer periods without water, as water is stored in the soil profile.
- The tree can grow larger and become more productive.
- The trees canopy and leaves can shade the roots below. This helps beneficial insects and microbial activity keep at a stable balance. This also helps the tree to take up beneficial nutrients that become available in the surface roots.
- Surface feeder roots can cover a larger area allowing the tree to take up more nutrients when they become available..
- Avocado trees of all varieties need to keep their roots cool.
- Keep mulch under the tree to keep the roots cool in summer and warm in winter. This also protects the feeder roots, as Avocados are a rainforest trees and pick up most of their nutrients from just below the mulch.
- Fertilize twice a year with organic fertilizer such as chicken manure and seaweed. Applications should be in early spring and early- to mid autumn. Read the label to find application amounts.
- Avocado need superior drainage in the soil profile, and they grow their best when the soil profile is around 6ft (2 meters) deep. But 3ft of drainage is suffice. Sandy soils are okay, but need to be topped up regularly with compost.
- If you do not have suitable soil with superior drainage grow your Avocado tree in a pot!
- The optimum time to plant an Avocado tree is in the beginning of spring once the soil starts to warm. It can be done year round, but avoid extremely hot days.
- Mix compost into the soil where you will be planting the tree. One large bag from the nursery would be perfect.
- Water the container holding the tree well, until all the water is running out the bottom of the container.
- Remove the tree and tease the roots up.
- Plant the tree into the soil profile, do not pack the soil down as this compacts the soil and removes vital oxygen.
- Water in well with a liquid fertilizer such as seaweed to reduce shock.
- In areas with in adequate drainage you can try planting your tree in a very large mound, on the side of a steep slope, or create some type of drainage system. This may be a gravel pit or something similar.
- Plant your Avocado tree in full sun, this way the tree will be more productive and produce more fruit. Up to half a day of sunlight will allow your tree to photosynthesize well and become productive.
PS: If you have any questions please feel free to leave them in the comment box and I will answer them shortly!